The force which is exerted on the walls of the vessels by the blood as it moves through is called blood pressure. This is something which can only be measured with specific medical equipment. If you blood pressure is too high you are at a higher risk level of kidney damage, eye problems, heart failure and even a stroke.
High Blood Pressure
This is a condition in which an individual whose blood pressure reading over a long period of time, is constantly 140/90 or higher, the time period is generally weeks. High blood pressure may also be diagnosed if the individual’s blood pressure readings show one number higher than where it should be.
Low Blood Pressure
Blood pressure readings which are lower than normal, generally 90/60 or less are considered reasoning for a low blood pressure diagnostic. For the most part, being diagnosed with low blood pressure is not a cause for alarm as you are not at risk for the same things you would be if you were diagnosed with high blood pressure. Only in extreme situations would low blood pressure be deemed serious.
The Difference Between High Blood Pressure and Low Blood Pressure
The question many people ask is what is the actual difference between low blood pressure and high blood pressure? The difference is the exact amount of pressure being exerted by the blood on the blood vessels as portrayed on a sphygmomanometer, that as well as the underlying symptoms which in themselves are very different.
Low blood pressure which is also known as hypotension is when the systolic, as well as diastolic blood pressure readings, mark ninety and sixty or lower. High blood pressure which is also known as hypertension is the opposite, it takes place when the systolic, as well as the diastolic blood pressure readings, mark one hundred and forty and ninety or higher.
If one of the numbers read lower than normal, this too could be an indicator of low blood pressure, this is also the case with high blood pressure, if one of the numbers is higher than normal it is considered grounds for a high blood pressure diagnosis and treatment as prescribed by the physician.
Low blood pressure is generally a sign of an underlying issue, this is especially true if the low blood pressure reading is accompanied by certain symptoms such as dizziness, lightheadedness, fatigue, blurred vision, shallow and rapid breathing, nausea and fainting.
With high blood pressure, most people do not display obvious symptoms, there are however some who will experience headaches, shortness of breath and nosebleeds. When someone has high blood pressure there is more strain being applied to the heart and the blood vessels. Overtime, and if not properly treated this could lead to serious health conditions including heart problems and even strokes.
Leading a healthy lifestyle in which a proper diet is followed, regular activity and exercise adhered to, proper sleep and of course dealing with stress in a healthy manner are all ways in which you can avoid low blood pressure and high blood pressure.