The Major Types and Causes of Heart Disease


If you feel you are headed down the road to your first, second or third heart attack, or are just looking for information in regards to the topic, you might want to learn about the types and causes of heart attack. Regardless of your situation, you are likely to find this information both helpful and informative. So let’s dive in.

Types of Heart Disease

The heart is a 4-chambered, hollow and double acting muscle pump that is found in the chest. Heart diseases are those conditions that interfere with the function of the heart, which can be life-threatening.

 

heart image

 

There are numerous types of heart disease, but we are going to take a look at the more common ones:

1. Congestive heart failure

This is a condition that results from the heart not pumping adequate blood, and so, the rest of the body doesn’t receive as much blood and oxygen as it requires. This malfunction is usually due to damage caused by blocked or narrowed arteries that go to the heart.

2. Pulmonary heart disease

This is a condition caused by the enlargement of the right ventricle. It takes root from lung disorder where the blood flowing to the lungs is blocked or slowed down which leads to lung pressure. As a result, the right ventricle is forced to pump harder to overcome this pressure which eventually leads to the enlargement of the ventricle.

3. Diastolic dysfunction

This is a condition where the relaxation of the heart is impaired, leading to the inability of the heart to fill with blood. This causes the blood to accumulate in the veins or lungs.

4. Systolic dysfunction:

This is a condition where the contraction of the heart is impaired, and thus, the heart doesn’t pump out as much blood as is returned to it. This results in blood remaining in the heart’s lower chambers.

Other common heart diseases include; Cardiomyopathy, Mitral Stenosis, Angina pectoris, Tricuspid stenosis and much more.

The Major Causes of Heart Diseases

1. Cholesterol

This is one of the primary culprits for heart attacks and even stroke. Cholesterol is needed in adequate quantities for bodily functions, but in numerous quantities, it ends up blocking the arteries, including those in the heart. This causes narrowing of the arteries which later causes heart disease.

 

cholesterol in artery and heart

If you are concerned you may have high cholesterol, you can find out more about how to lower cholesterol levels naturally, a great site for understanding all about cholesterol and its associated health risks.

 

2. Smoking

Smoking is another leading cause of heart disease. Cigarettes contain carcinogens, and these form the relationship between smoking and heart disease. When smoke is absorbed into the blood stream, these substances contaminate the blood, and the continued absorption makes the blood thick. This makes the blood susceptible to clotting. The nicotine from the cigarettes also develops in the heart valves, thus increasing the chances of heart attack.

Information about the carcinogens in cigarettes and how they impact on your health can be found at this site which also provides information about how to stop smoking.

Other causes of heart disease include diabetes, staying inactive, high blood pressure and stress. To prevent heart disease, it is advisable to quit smoking, eat healthy, exercise and consult a doctor if you start getting symptoms related to heart disease. The doctor will recommend an ideal treatment which will save your health and your life.